The human body consists of over 200 bones of all different shapes and sizes. All of these bones in addition to muscles and the tendons and ligaments that put them together form the skeleton. The skeleton serves to protect many of the organs your body uses to function naturally.

The structure of a bone is dense and very strong, because of this, it seldom breaks easily, except in elderly people who have developed the bone disease: osteoperosis (a gradual weakening of the bones). Bone injuries are often quite painful, and they may bleed, as all bones have an adequate amount of blood stored in them.

The two types of bone injuries are fractures and dislocations. Fractures may be open or closed, while dislocations involve muscles and joints as well. The body has over 600 muscles, which are soft tissue.

Injuries to the brain, the spinal cord or nerves can affect a person’s muscle control, and when a muscle is injured, a nearby muscle may take over for the injured one. A joint is formed where the ends of two or more bones come together in one place. The bones are held together by ligaments, which tear when a joint is forced beyond its normal range of movement. A sprain is the tearing of ligaments at a joint. A strain is a stretching and/or tearing of muscles or tendons.